Sunnah prayers before and after fard prayers

Sunnah prayers before and after fard prayers

The term “Sunnah” refers to the actions, sayings, and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Sunnah prayers were a consistent practice of the Prophet, and he emphasized their importance by performing them regularly. These voluntary prayers can be offered at various times throughout the day and night, providing Muslims with more opportunities to engage in worship and connect with their Creator.

Sunnah prayers, also known as voluntary prayers, hold a significant place in the life of a Muslim. These additional prayers are not obligatory like the five daily prayers (Fard), but they provide an opportunity to strengthen one’s relationship with Allah, seek His forgiveness, and earn additional rewards.

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: “أَحَبُّ الصَّلَوَاتِ إِلَى اللَّهِ الصَّلَاةُ فِي وَقْتِهَا، وَأَحَبُّ الصِّيَامِ إِلَى اللَّهِ الصَّوْمُ بِالنِّيَّةِ وَالإِخْلاصِ”

رواه ابن ماجه (٨٢١)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “The most beloved prayer to Allah is the prayer performed on time, and the most beloved fast to Allah is the fast that is observed with sincerity and devotion.” (Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 821)

The Sunnahs of the Five Daily Prayers (As-Sunan Ar-Rawātib)

In addition to the obligatory prayers, there are recommended Sunnah prayers associated with the five daily prayers. These Sunnahs, known as As-Sunan Ar-Rawātib, are highly encouraged for Muslims to perform. They hold great significance in terms of earning additional rewards, seeking closeness to Allah, and following the example of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Sunnah Prayer Before Fajr

The Sunnahs of Fajr prayer include two Rak’ahs before the obligatory two Rak’ahs, as mentioned in Sahih Muslim: “The two Rak’ahs of Fajr are better than the world and what it contains” 

صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَبْلَ الصَّلَاةِ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي الْفَجْرِ. قَالَ: “خَيْرُ الصَّلَوَاتِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ صَلَاةُ الْفَجْرِ”

رواه مسلم (١٧٧٦)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) performed two Rak’ahs before the obligatory Fajr prayer and said: “The best prayer near Allah is the Fajr prayer.”

(Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith 1776)

The Sunnah Prayers Will Make Up The Shortfall In The Obligatory Prayers On The Day Of Resurrection

It is a beautiful aspect of Islam that the Sunnah prayers have the ability to make up for any deficiencies or shortcomings found in the obligatory prayers on the Day of Resurrection.

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: “أَوَّلُ مَا يُحَاسَبُ بِهِ الْعَبْدُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ الصَّلَاةُ، فَإِنْ صَلُحَتْ فَقَدْ أَفْلَحَ وَنَجَحَ، وَإِنْ فَسَدَتْ فَقَدْ خَابَ وَخَسِرَ، فَإِنْ انْتَقَصَ مِنْهَا شَيْءٌ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لِمَلَائِكَتِهِ: انْظُرُوا هَلْ لِعَبْدِي مِنْ تَطَوُّعٍ فَيُكَمِّلْ بِهِ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ فَرِيضَتِهِ”

رواه مسلم (١٨٧٤)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “The first thing for which a person will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be his Salah. If it is found to be complete, then it will be recorded as complete. But if any of it is lacking, Allah will say to His angels, ‘Look and see if my servant offered any voluntary prayers.’ If he has offered voluntary prayers, they will complete his obligatory prayers from his voluntary prayers.” (Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith 1874)

Sunnah Prayers for Dhuhr

Before you offer the Dhuhr (noon) prayers, it is a recommended Sunnah to perform two or four Rak’ahs of Sunnah prayers. Furthermore, after completing the obligatory Dhuhr prayer, it is also recommended to perform two more Rak’ahs of Sunnah prayers.

الصَّلَوَاتُ الرَّوَاتِبُ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ أَرْبَعٌ. قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم: “رَحِمَ اللَّهُ رَجُلًا صَلَّى قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ أَرْبَعًا”

رواه ابن ماجه (١١٦٥)

The Sunnahs of Dhuhr prayer are four Rak’ahs. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “May Allah have mercy on a man who prays four Rak’ahs before Dhuhr prayer.”

(Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1165)

The Four Rak’ahs Before ‘Asr

Performing four Rak’ahs before the ‘Asr prayer is a recommended Sunnah in Islam. 

صَلَّى النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ. قَالَ: “رَحِمَ اللَّهُ امْرَأً صَلَّى قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ أَرْبَعًا”

رواه البخاري (١٩٨

The Prophet (peace be upon him) performed four Rak’ahs before the Asr prayer and said: “May Allah have mercy on a person who prays four Rak’ahs before Asr prayer.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book 10, Hadith 198)

Sunnah Prayer For Magrib

Besides the three required Rak’ahs of Maghrib prayer, There are also two Rak’ahs of Sunnah.

صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَبْلَ الْمَغْرِبِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ. قَالَ: “مَنْ صَلَّى قَبْلَ الْمَغْرِبِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ كُتِبَ مِنَ الْقَانِتِينَ”

رواه أبو داود (١٢٧٩

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) performed two Rak’ahs before the Maghrib prayer and said: “Whoever prays two Rak’ahs before Maghrib prayer will be written among those who are constant in performing the Sunnah.”

(Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 8, Hadith 1279)

Sunnah Prayer After Isha

Isha (Night Prayer) is the final prayer of the day. After performing the Isha prayer, it is recommended to offer two Rak’ahs of Sunnah prayers.

صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَبْلَ الْعِشَاءِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ. قَالَ: “مَنْ صَلَّى قَبْلَ الْعِشَاءِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ كُتِبَ لَهُ بِهِمَا أَجْرٌ أَكْبَرُ”

رواه مسلم (١٧٣٧

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) performed two Rak’ahs before the Isha prayer and said: “Whoever prays two Rak’ahs before Isha prayer will have a greater reward.”

(Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith 1737)

The Sunnah Prayers Should Be Prayed In One’s Home

Sunnah prayers can also be prayed at home. By praying the Sunnah prayers in one’s home, a person can experience a more intimate connection with Allah, away from distractions. It allows for a focused and personal worship experience, strengthening one’s relationship with the Creator.

عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: “أَفْضَلُ الصَّلاَةِ صَلاَةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي بَيْتِهِ، إِلاَّ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ”

رواه مسلم (١٦٦٧

Narrated by Jabir ibn Samurah: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The best prayer of a person is the prayer in his house, except the obligatory prayers.”

(Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith 1667)

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Do not turn your homes into places of mourning and sadness, and do not make my grave a site of festivity and celebration. Rather, send blessings and peace upon me, for your greetings will reach me wherever you may be.”

This hadith is reported by Abu Dawood with a reliable chain of narration, and all of its narrators are trustworthy. (Abu Dawood, 2042) The hadith is authenticated by Al-Albani.

What are the Sunnah prayer and Fard prayer?

The length of Sunnah prayer also varies. While the five daily salah are wajib/fard (obligatory), Sunnah prayer (and other sunnah deeds) are Mustahabb (encouraged) – those who perform them will earn a reward in the afterlife, but there will be no punishment for neglecting them.

Can women perform Sunnah prayers?

Yes, Sunnah prayers are not gender-specific and can be performed by both men and women.

What are the 4 Sunnah of all prophets?

Abu Ayyub reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There are four traditions of the Messengers: Modesty, wearing fragrance, using the tooth stick, and marriage.”

What are the two types of Sunnah?

There are three types of Sunnah. The first is the sayings of the prophet – Sunnah Qawliyyah/Hadith. The second is the actions of the prophet – Sunnah Al Filiyya. The final type of Sunnah is the practice prevailing during Muhammad’s time which he did not oppose – Sunnah Taqririyyah.

What is the rule of Sunnah?

The Sunnah is an act that is rewarded when it is done, and it is not punished when left behind. According to the scholars of fiqh, Sunnah is seen in terms of the law of something from the Prophet.

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